The number of full-electric vehicles is expected to grow explosively in the Netherlands’ Randstad urban conurbation in the years ahead. Plug-in cars will double in number in The Hague , Dordrecht and Rotterdam within two years, ahead of Amersfoort in four. An important factor: better affordability will make electric vehicles unprecedentedly popular. This is the conclusion in a study by grid operator Stedin, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University (RSM) and knowledge and innovation centre ElaadNL. The emergence of growing numbers of electric cars will force grid operators to make smarter choices to keep the electricity grid reliable and affordable.
Current number of all-electric cars
|Anticipated annual growth in all-electric cars up to and including 2021
||Anticipated annual growth in number of Tesla Model 3s up to and including 2021
||Percentage of Tesla Model 3s in annual growth up to and including 2021
| The Hague
Table: anticipated growth in the number of all-electric cars and Tesla Model 3, source: RSM
Explosive growth of electric carsThe market for electric vehicles is undergoing strong developments. According to automotive-interests association RAI, 80% more all-electric cars were sold in the first half of 2017 than in the entire previous year. Vehicle manufacturers are not holding back. Recently, Volvo announced it will only sell models with an electric motor from 2019. Governments are also expressing their aspirations for making vehicle transportation more sustainable. The Dutch government wants to have a million electric cars on the road by 2025, while Britain and France have said they will halt any further sales of diesel and petrol cars by 2040.
Impact of electric transportation on the electricity grid
Electric cars use a relatively large quantity of electricity to charge, sometimes even comparable to the energy consumption of ten households simultaneously. More electric cars on the road means more demand for charging points. That means the local electricity grids need sufficient capacity to deliver this. So it’s good for grid operators to know where potential e-drivers live, and thus where charging points will be needed in the future. The best way to charge cars is with ‘Smart Charging’. This method permits efficient charging, for instance at times when plenty of solar power is available. For the time being this avoids any expensive investment, so that electricity bills remain affordable.
Smart Charging point in Utrecht. PHOTO: ElaadNL
Research into the charging options for electric transportationThe study considered a variety of factors involved in the purchase of electric cars, like age, income, whether private individuals or leasing drivers, and the urbanisation of their places of residence. Stedin places considerable importance on sound research into the energy grid and what role it can play in a more sustainable Netherlands. RSM students, along with Stedin and ElaadNL, have been researching the charging options for electric transportation since 2015.
Sustainable energy for everyone. This is the goal that Stedin works towards every day. To ensure that our more than two million customers can live and work in the most densely populated and industrialised region of the Netherlands: the province of Utrecht and the larger part of the province of Zuid-Holland. A service area with a particularly complex energy infrastructure and a high dependence on energy. With some 3000 employees, we are working on a sustainable energy supply with more and more local production. A future-proof system that will continue to be reliable and affordable and can be passed on from generation to generation.
Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University (RSM), is consistently adjudged to be one of the most authoritative business schools in Europe, and among the top three for research. RSM offers trail-blazing research and programmes for the further promotion of excellence of all aspects of management. RSM is based in the international port city of Rotterdam, a thriving interchange of companies, logistics and trade. RSM focuses on developing corporate leaders with international careers, armed with their innovative thought processes for forging towards a sustainable future thanks to a range of bachelor’s, master’s, MBA, PhD and executive programmes of the very highest standard. RSM support services for executives and alumni are also offered from its offices in Chengdu in China and Taipei in Taiwan.
ElaadNL is the knowledge and innovation centre in the field of (Smart) Charging infrastructure in the Netherlands and is owned by the Dutch grid operators. It is our mission to ensure that everyone with an electric vehicle can charge smart in the future. ElaadNL also coordinates the connections of public charging stations to the electricity grid.